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Canine Life Skills 1 Filiberat Black Russian Terrier November 2023.jpg

E. Eurasalimsky about BRT

BRT Standard Body STRUCTURE (Russian Standard).jpeg

The Black Russian Terrier, originally known as the Black Terrier and referred to by various names such as Russkiy Tchiorny Terrier and Russian Black Terrier, is one of the youngest breeds globally, dating back only to the 1950s. Its rapid rise in popularity has earned it the nickname "The Black Pearl of Russia," while enthusiasts often simply call it the "Blackie."

The breed's history is short yet fascinating, and it has been exceptionally well-documented from its inception. It is often said that "necessity is the mother of invention," and indeed, the Black Russian Terrier emerged out of dire necessity.

Looking back at history, after the Revolution and Civil War in Russia from 1917 to 1923, all private Russian kennels were destroyed, leading to the loss of around 90% of purebred dogs. Many knowledgeable breeders either perished or emigrated during this period.

However, in 1924, recognizing the need for dogs in military roles, the Red Army established regional school kennels across the country, including in Moscow, where the Central School-Kennel of Military Working Dogs and the Scientific Laboratory were situated.

Officers underwent training as instructors and trainers, while special departments of communication secret services were established in all branches of the armed forces. Additionally, frontier troops had a dedicated department for tracking and scent hounds.

During the Great Patriotic War, Russia deployed over 40,000 working dogs, organized into 168 separate units that participated in battles. However, in the post-war era, the population of working dogs in Russia had significantly declined.

Many stud dogs, in particular, perished during the war years, leading to a dramatic reduction in the number of dogs in canine clubs.

Replenishing the supply became imperative, but at the time, the only viable candidate was the German Shepherd Dog, which Russians deemed too aggressive (although the breed's geographical association may have also contributed to a general aversion towards it).


Origin: Russia

Class: According to the classification of FCI - group 2; CKC - WORKING Group 3

Use: Guard, service, sports dog

Color: Black, a small amount of gray hair can be observed (no more than 30%).

Sizes: Height at withers: males 71-77 centimeters, females 66-72 centimeters;

Weight: 50-60 kilograms of males, 45-50 kg of females.

Lifespan: 10-15 years


The Black Russian Terrier (BRT) has a relatively short yet fascinating history. It was developed in the former Soviet Union during the mid-20th century, specifically in the 1940s and 1950s. The breed's creation was a response to the Soviet military's need for a versatile working dog that could serve as a military and police dog, as well as a companion for civilian families.

The development of the BRT began at the state-operated Red Star Kennel, located near Moscow. Soviet scientists and dog breeders undertook a careful and selective breeding program, crossing several breeds to achieve the desired characteristics. The primary ancestors of the BRT include the Giant Schnauzer, Rottweiler, Newfoundland, Caucasian Shepherd, East European Shepherd, and Airedale Terrier.

The goal was to create a large, powerful, and highly trainable dog with a strong guarding instinct, capable of protecting military installations, border patrols, and police operations. The resulting breed, the Black Russian Terrier, possessed the desired traits, including intelligence, courage, loyalty, and adaptability to various tasks and environments.

The breed's recognition by the Fédération Cynologique Internationale (FCI) in 1983 marked an important milestone in its history, confirming its status as a distinct and recognized breed. Since then, the BRT has gained popularity not only in its country of origin but also internationally, both as a working dog and as a beloved family companion.

Today, the Black Russian Terrier continues to excel in various roles, including military and police work, search and rescue operations, therapy work, and competitive dog sports. Its unique combination of strength, intelligence, and loyalty makes it a highly valued breed among dog enthusiasts worldwide.


Purpose of the breed - Black Russian Terrier

The Black Russian Terrier (BRT) belongs to the Working Group of dog breeds, and their purpose is closely tied to their history of service. BRTs possess innate protective qualities ingrained in their nature. However, unlike traditional watchdogs that may exhibit overt aggression by attacking uninvited guests, the BRT has a distinct approach.

These dogs are more tactical and defensive in their behavior. Rather than immediately rushing out to confront a perceived threat, a BRT will remain vigilant, observing the situation closely. When an intruder encroaches upon their territory, the BRT will then take action and defend as necessary.

This strategic approach reflects the BRT's role as a guardian and protector. They are trained to assess threats and respond accordingly, demonstrating a blend of discernment, intelligence, and courage in fulfilling their duties. As such, the Black Russian Terrier is valued for its ability to provide security and protection without unnecessary aggression, making it an ideal choice for various working roles, including military, police, and personal protection.


Human and  Black Russian Terrier


The Black Russian Terrier, also known as the black terrier, is tasked not only with protecting territory but also safeguarding its owner. These dogs possess a keen sense of awareness and can quickly become alert in the presence of a perceived threat. However, once the threat dissipates, the black terrier demonstrates an ability to swiftly calm down.

Since the breed's inception, BRTs have formed strong bonds with their owners, establishing a close and enduring connection. Their loyalty knows no bounds, and they exhibit unwavering devotion to their human companions. Due to this intense attachment, it's advisable not to leave a black terrier alone for extended periods. Prolonged solitude may cause the dog to become overly reliant on its territory, potentially leading it to view even its owner, when returning home, as a potential threat.

Thus, regular interaction and companionship with their owner are essential for maintaining a healthy and balanced relationship with a black terrier. This ensures that the dog remains well-adjusted and continues to prioritize its owner's safety and well-being.


Maintaining a Black Russian Terrier

Maintaining a Black Russian Terrier (BRT) requires attention to various aspects of their care to ensure their health, well-being, and happiness. Here are some key points to consider for BRT maintenance:

  1. Grooming: BRTs have a thick, double coat that requires regular grooming to prevent matting and tangling. Brush their coat several times a week to remove loose hair and debris. Occasional baths can help keep their coat clean, but avoid over-bathing to prevent stripping the natural oils from their skin.

  2. Trimming: Regular trimming of their nails is essential to prevent them from becoming too long and causing discomfort or issues with movement. Additionally, periodic trimming of their paw pads and around their ears can help maintain cleanliness and prevent infections.

  3. Exercise: BRTs are active dogs that require regular exercise to stay healthy and mentally stimulated. Provide them with daily walks, playtime, and opportunities for active play to help burn off excess energy and prevent boredom.

  4. Training: BRTs are intelligent and trainable dogs, but they require consistent and firm training from an early age. Focus on positive reinforcement techniques and socialization to help them develop into well-behaved companions. Training should include obedience commands, leash manners, and proper behavior around people and other animals.

  5. Nutrition: Provide your BRT with a balanced and nutritious diet to support their overall health and well-being. Choose high-quality dog food appropriate for their age, size, and activity level, and avoid overfeeding to prevent obesity.

  6. Healthcare: Regular veterinary check-ups are essential to monitor your BRT's health and address any potential issues early on. Keep up-to-date with vaccinations, flea and tick prevention, and heartworm medication as recommended by your veterinarian.

  7. Socialization: Expose your BRT to various people, animals, and environments from a young age to help them develop into well-adjusted and sociable dogs. Proper socialization can prevent behavioral problems and ensure that they feel comfortable in different situations.

  8. Love and Attention: Above all, BRTs thrive on love and attention from their owners. Spend quality time with your dog, provide plenty of affection, and include them in family activities to strengthen your bond and ensure their happiness.

By following these guidelines and providing your Black Russian Terrier with the care and attention they need, you can enjoy a fulfilling and rewarding relationship with your beloved pet.

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Black Russian Terrier - Makovey Noch Na Kupalu 2 years old

Black Russian Terrier
(video ENGLISH)


More info.... BRT generations - Dogs, owners, and kennels around the world

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